Another positive year for office furniture in Europe
According to CSIL, 2017 was a positive year for the office furniture sector in Europe. Despite persistent uncertainties, the European production reached EUR 8,780 million in 2017 posting a 2% growth and reinforcing the performance of the previous year.
Trade balance remained positive but contracted over recent years due to a more marked growth in imports. The degree of openness progressively increased as the imports/consumption ratio approached to 38% in 2017 (32% in 2012) and the exports/production ratio stood at about 40% (34% in 2012).
In 2017 European imports of office furniture amounted to EUR 3,173 million, showing an increase of 2.6% on the previous year. It is worth noting that about 72% of these imports come from members of the EU 28 + Norway and Switzerland.
The performance of exports was also positive with +1.9% compared to 2016, to reach a value of EUR 3,494 million. This positive performance was achieved thanks to the general growth of all European destinations and the increasing demand from North America, while Central-South America declined significantly. The Middle East market remained stable after the collapse of 2016. About 36% of European exports originate in Germany and Italy, which are also the main manufacturing countries of office furniture. Market openness is higher for Italy where exports account for over 63% of total output (27% for Germany).
The office furniture consumption in Europe increased by 2.2% in 2017 reaching a total value of EUR 8,459 million. Among the largest Western European markets Austria, France, Italy and Spain outperformed the European average (+2.2%). On the other hand, the situation in Belgium, Finland, Portugal and Switzerland remained weak. The figure for the United Kingdom is negative due to the effect of exchange rates (-2.4% in EUR and +4.8% in LCU). New European Member countries, representing 13% of the whole market, grew consistently and recorded +9.1% compared to the previous year. Poland and the Czech Republic are the largest markets of this group of countries and performed well in 2017.
MANUFACTURING AND CONCENTRATION
Today, approximately 73,000 people are employed in the European office furniture industry. Sector employment has contracted slightly over recent years although employment in Central Eastern Europe continues to increase.
The improvement in market conditions helped companies to increase investments, which reached 4.8% of total turnover in 2017. Machinery and production expenses, in particular, witnessed a rebound during the year. The competitive arena is showing significant evolution with unprecedented mergers among the players still underway. The competition watchdogs are active in evaluating single M&A operations that sometimes increase shares in domestic markets and sometimes help to expand the presence of certain players abroad. Even so, concentration is increasing and the top 10 manufacturers in Europe currently provide 29% of total production.
The European market for office furniture, June 2018, CSIL Market Research Report.
Status and prospects of the office furniture market in Europe (30 countries). Basic data for office furniture consumption, production, imports and exports, market trends and office furniture scenario, production by product type, sales by distribution channels and performance of leading manufacturers. More information at https://www.worldfurnitureonline.com/research-market/the-european-market-office-furniture-0058455.html