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Office furniture is a mature sector representing around 10% of total world furniture output. According to CSIL, the global production of office furniture is worth about US$ 52 billion.
Asia-Pacific is the main manufacturing area with a 52% share of world office furniture, followed by North America, accounting for 24%. Europe ranks third with an incidence of 19% of the worldwide output. The other geographical areas hold marginal shares.
The world office furniture industry, December 2021
The office furniture market in Asia Pacific and China, November 2021
The European market for office furniture, June 2021
Italy is the fifth producer of upholstered furniture, representing over 15% of the European production, ranking second after Poland, and the fourth exporter - after China, Poland and Vietnam.
In the last ten years, Italy has been recording better performances than other producers like Germany, which saw a production decrease of over 10%.
Source: ‘The Upholstered Furniture Market in Italy’, December 2021 - Italian language
According to CSIL’s preliminary estimates, world production of furniture in 2021 will exceed USD 500 billion; a stronger-than-expected recovery, mainly due to the major contribution from Europe and Asia. This estimate is based on the processing of data from official sources, both national and international, that covers the 100 most important countries.
Demand was globally strong with differences across countries and segments. However, production growth is subject to a series of constraints: raw material scarcity and growing prices, supply chain challenges, high costs of transport, and container shortages. Moreover, systemic uncertainties, deriving from continuing trade restrictions and changing supply chain strategies, affect the entire furniture sector.
Source: ‘World Furniture Outlook’ report, issued in December 2021
In the last two years, the global furniture and mattress industries have been undergone significant changes. The Covid-19 outbreak has brought effects on many aspects, affecting the furniture and mattress markets both from the demand and the supply sides.
During 2020 and the first months of 2021, the pandemic stimulated general market demand for furniture and mattresses worldwide. However, different issues related to logistics and supply chains have witnessed (and are still undergoing) the global furniture and mattress industry, namely increased prices for raw materials, global shortages of shipping containers and high ocean freight rates.
Source: CSIL report E-Commerce in the Mattress Industry, edition October 2021
After years of growth, the office furniture production in China and Asia-Pacific started to downgrade in 2020. About 70% of production originates in China, followed by Japan, India and South Korea.
The openness to the international markets progressively increased due to a faster dynamic of exports if compared to local production. Therefore, the export/production ratio reached 28% in 2020. On the other side, imports exceeded US$ 1.2 billion but remained subdued as their penetration on the regional office furniture consumption represented only 7% in 2020.
Source: CSIL Report 'The office furniture market in China and the Asia Pacific', November 2021
According to CSIL, the European upholstered furniture production (*EU27 + United Kingdom, Norway, and Switzerland) accounts for around Eur 14 billion, a value that has cumulatively grown by 10% in the last decade.
In a context featured by continuous pressure on prices favouring, among others, countries with lower labour costs, product innovation strategies become a more important driver of competitiveness for European companies.
Already available CSIL reports on the upholstered furniture market: The world upholstered furniture industry, June 2021
The EU furniture sector is highly integrated, both from a market and an industry perspective. Retailing activities and value chains are often organized on a European scale. Europe still plays an important role in the global furniture industry.
Coming to the future perspectives for the European furniture sector, the intensity of the contraction and the subsequent growths are largely interdependent across countries.
The world mattress industry registered an overall good performance, better than expected during the first months of the crisis. Good performance results from the increasing demand from large markets, the US and China in particular.
According to CSIL estimates, the value of mattress consumption reached USD 29 billion in 2018, recording no growth in 2019 and 2020. However, particularly during the second half of the year 2020, the increasing demand occurred in parallel with important supply chain disruptions worldwide, together with the increase of raw material prices.
Source: CSIL Report 'The world mattress Industry', July 2021
The world upholstery industry has been remarkably successful in recovering from the crisis in 2020. The pandemic-induced contraction was limited in size because consumers have often allocated to furniture substantial portions of income made available from the decreased expenditure for restaurants, vacations, and other leisure activities.
World upholstery consumption decreased by 5% in current US$ in 2020. Return of consumption to the pre-pandemic level is likely to happen already in 2021 for the world as a whole, with different speeds of recovery across countries.
Source: CSIL Report 'The World Upholstered Furniture Industry', June 2021
The CSIL outlook for the European area shows a recovery of office furniture consumption in real terms of 2% in 2021.
What emerges is a complex picture with an initial return to offices but not at pre-pandemic occupancy levels.
Source: CSIL Report 'The European market for office furniture', June 2021